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About This Site

This site presents overviews of the health care systems of Australia, Canada, China, Denmark, England, France, Germany, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, and the United States. Each overview covers health insurance, health system organization and governance, health care quality and coordination, disparities, and more. In addition, the site provides summary data on a number of key health system characteristics and performance indicators such as overall health care spending, hospital spending and utilization, and care coordination. The site also features results from the 2015 and 2016 Commonwealth Fund International Surveys.

The site is an online companion to the Commonwealth Fund’s annual International Profiles of Health Care Systems report. Download the full report.

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2016 International Survey of Adults Methodology

Countries: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States

Sample: Nationally representative samples of noninstitutionalized adults ages eighteen and older

Data Collection Methods: Telephone

Survey Dates: March–June 2016

Survey Organizations/Partners: SSRS and contractors in each country. The Commonwealth Fund provided core support, with cofunding from the New South Wales Bureau of Health Information and Victoria Department of Health and Human Services (Australia); Health Quality Ontario, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Canadian Institute for Health Information, and Commissaire à la Santé et au Bien-Être du Québec (Canada); Haute Autorité de Santé and Caisse Nationale de l’Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés (France); Institut für Qualitätssicherung und Transparenz im Gesundheitswesen (Germany); the Dutch Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Sport and the Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare at Radboud University Nijmegen (the Netherlands); the Knowledge Centre at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (Norway); the Swedish Ministry of Health and Social Affairs and the Swedish Agency for Health and Care Services Analysis (Sweden); and the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health (Switzerland).

2015 International Survey of Physicians Methodology

Sample: Representative random samples of primary care physicians

Data Collection Methods: Online, mail, and telephone

Survey Dates: March 3, 2015–November 11, 2015

Survey Organizations/Partners: SSRS and contractors in each country. The Commonwealth Fund provided core support, with cofounding from the German Federal Ministry of Health and the German National Institute for Quality and Patient Safety; Haute Authorité de Santé, Caisse Nationale de l’Assurance Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés (France); Dutch Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Sport, and the Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare at Radboud University Nijmegen (the Netherlands); Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services; Swedish Ministry of Health and Social Affairs and the Swedish Agency for Health and Care Services Analysis; and the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health. Support to expand samples was provided by the New South Wales Bureau of Health Information (Australia); the Canadian Institute for Health Information, Health Quality Ontario, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Quebec Health Commission, Canada Health Infoway; and the Health Foundation of the United Kingdom.

About The Commonwealth Fund

The Commonwealth Fund is a private foundation that promotes a high performance health care system providing better access, improved quality, and greater efficiency. The Commonwealth Fund’s work focuses particularly on society’s most vulnerable, including low-income people, the uninsured, minority Americans, young children, and elderly adults. The foundation carries out this mandate by supporting independent research on health care issues and making grants to improve health care practice and policy. An international program in health policy is designed to stimulate innovative policies and practices in the United States and other industrialized countries.